comparison of cost of recycling and e traction

Examining different recycling processes for lithium-ion ...

2019-2-11 · a–d, Medians and 95% confidence intervals for CO 2 e emissions per kg less the CO 2 e offsets from recovered materials (a,c), and net CO 2 e emissions avoided by using each recycling process (b ...

Traction Motor Design Considerations

2011-6-17 · Traction Motor Design Considerations James L. Kirtley Jr. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1 Introduction This is a concept paper in response to the FOA entitled ''Rare Earth Alternatives in Critical Technologies

Energy and environmental aspects in recycling lithium-ion ...

2020-12-1 · Three recycling methods—pyrometallurgical, hydrometallurgical, and direct recycling processes—are being developed and improved for recycling LIBs. Compared with the former two processes, direct recycling provides the opportunity to avoid energy-intensive refining and reproduction of the cathode materials, which could further reduce the CO 2 ...

Do the Benefits of Recycling Outweigh the Costs?

2019-8-15 · But in 2002, New York City, an early municipal recycling pioneer, found that its much-lauded recycling program was losing money, so it eliminated glass and plastic recycling.According to Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the benefits of recycling plastic and glass were outweighed by the price—recycling cost twice as much as disposal.

TESTING AND EVALUATION OF RECOVERED TRACTION …

2017-10-20 · A cost-benefit analysis of reuse and recycle options of salvaged traction sand was conducted using results of mechanical and chemical tests conducted on samples collected along the Bozeman Pass and the Lookout Pass areas. The results indicate there are viable alternatives to landfilling or roadside dumping of collected traction sand.

Do the Benefits of Recycling Outweigh the Costs?

2019-8-15 · But in 2002, New York City, an early municipal recycling pioneer, found that its much-lauded recycling program was losing money, so it eliminated glass and plastic recycling.According to Mayor Michael Bloomberg, the benefits of recycling plastic and glass were outweighed by the price—recycling cost …

INVESTIGATION OF RE-USE OPTIONS FOR USED …

2008-8-15 · could be prepared at a reasonable cost by combining the reclaimed materials with a coarse aggregate supplement. Prior to the use of any salvaged traction sand material, federal and state regulations require that the material be approved by the CDPHE. 17. Keywords sedimentation, reclaimed traction sand, recycling, heavy

Skip Hire Prices

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Cost Comparison

2021-9-22 · 2000-2001 Cost Comparison - Recycling vs. Garbage. Cost to recycle one ton of material: $427.63 ; Cost to landfill one ton of material: $603.38 ; Savings Generated by Recycling in 2000/2001: $24,184.34

Waste recycling in Europe — European Environment Agency

2021-8-3 · Waste recycling in Europe. The waste recycling rate — the proportion of waste generated that is recycled — is growing in the EU-27, indicating progress towards using more waste as a resource and achieving a circular economy. The rate of progress is slowing down, however, with little improvement over the past 5 years.

OECD Recycling Statistics

2018-12-4 · OECD Recycling Statistics. Recycling has grown in popularity in recent years. Recycling and composting are important activities for conserving the environment and reducing waste. Recycling involves converting materials that would otherwise be discarded into reusable objects. For example, recycled paper is often used to produce paperboard.

EV Traction Motors Comparison Data for 7 Major Vehicles ...

2020-10-5 · Teardown survey data showing detailed comparisons of the specifications, cost, weight and size of the traction motors of major electric vehicles. Two drive motors have been newly added to the previous ten. 2020 Tesla Model Y front motor (new addition) 2020 Tesla Model Y rear motor (new addition) 2019 Nissan Leaf. 2019 Audi e …

Environmental impact of traction electric motors for ...

2015-10-15 · The goal of the paper is to study novel traction e-motors and to assess the influence of its components, in the environmental performance of the motor and the electric vehicle. In this study, a life cycle assessment (LCA) is performed, including the manufacturing, use, and end of life stages of a traction electric motor for EV applications.

Comparison the Economic Analysis of the Battery …

2017-1-16 · lithium-ion and lead-acid battery. The economic analysis of this paper presents the cost of energy (COE), benefit cost ratio (BCR), and simple net present value (SNPV). From the results of this study show that the COE, BCR, and SNPV of PV stand-alone system, which using lithium-ion battery are 0.13, 34.93 baht/kWh and 145,927 baht, respectively.

Evaluation of the Recyclability of Traction Batteries ...

2018-8-15 · As traction battery technologies and electro mobility as a whole continue to grow in importance, the recyclability of batteries has increasingly gained attention in politics, industry and science. The aim of this paper is to broaden the understanding about the recycling of traction batteries by applying the concept of information theory entropy.

Waste Facts: A Companion Document for Too Good To …

2016-1-20 · goods (e.g. guardrail posts, curbs, plastic pipe, etc.) • All filters collected were processed at steel recycling mills for use in new metal products (e.g. rebar, nails, wire). Did you know? > 84 million litres of used oil was collected and recycled in 2006 – 80.1 per cent returned > 7 million oil filters were collected and recycled in 2006 –

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Battery Reconditioning. Our battery reconditioning process is not invasive, does not use chemicals and is completely electronic. We use a frequency pulse to break down sulfate crystals that build up along the plates over time. Our process transforms these crystals back to active material allowing electrons to flow freely through the plates again.

Economic comparison of recycling over-ordered fresh ...

The study shows that the costs of the current practices in dumping over-ordered fresh concrete waste to landfill areas are double that of the proposed aggregate recycling plan. Therefore, the adoption of concrete reclaimer in recycling the over-ordered fresh concrete can provide a cost-effective method for the construction industry and help ...

Development of Guidance on Extended Producer ...

2021-8-29 · considerations (e.g. raw material use, recyclability, end-of-life waste management requirements) at the product design stage EEE Electrical and Electronic Equipment ELV End-of-Life Vehicle(s) EPR Extended producer responsibility, i.e. an environmental policy approach in which a producer''s responsibility for a product is

The Costs of Recycling

2016-8-3 · The cost of picking up and transporting recyclables can range from $20 to $70 per ton, depending on the length and difficulty of the recycling truck routes, and the budget also has to consider the energy cost of the fossil fuels burned to run these trucks, as well as labor and fuel costs to sort, process, and market the recycled material. [2]

(PDF) Comparative study of using different electric motors ...

Abstract and Figures. In this paper, different electric motors are studied and compared to see the benefits of each motor and the one that is more suitable to be used in the electric vehicle (EV ...

Best Sustainability Software 2021 | Reviews of the Most ...

Find and compare top Sustainability software on Capterra, with our free and interactive tool. Quickly browse through hundreds of Sustainability tools and systems and narrow down your top choices. Filter by popular features, pricing options, number of users, and read reviews from real users and find a tool that fits your needs.

Construction Waste Recycling Programs Gain Traction

2018-11-16 · Construction Waste Recycling Programs Gain Traction After a slow start, recycling construction and demolition (C&D) waste is becoming a well-established practice in the green building industry. The trend received a substantial boost from two developments this past September. The first was an announcement by Turner

What is the Economic Cost of Plastic?

2019-6-10 · But even when a council does have the best technology, collecting, sorting and recycling plastic waste still comes with a cost. Indeed, 7% of Manchester City Council''s 2019 budget will fund waste collection, disposal and recycling services. While this doesn''t give a break down of the cost to recycling …

EV Traction Motors Comparison Data for 7 Major Vehicles ...

2010-11-11 · battery recycling and a scarcity of associated data, there is a critical need for life-cycle data on battery material recycling. Either on a per kilogram or per watthour - capacity basis, lead-acid batteries have the lowest production energy, carbon dioxide emissions, and criteria pollutant emissions. -related Some process

Recycled carbon fiber: Comparing cost and properties ...

2014-11-30 · Alex Edge, sales and business development manager for recycler ELG Carbon Fibre (Coseley, U.K.), says his company''s recycled carbon fiber (RCF) products can offer from 30 to 40 percent cost savings vs. carbon fiber (VCF). Tim Rademacker, a managing director at competitor CFK Valley Recycling …

Electric Car Battery Life, Cost of Replacement, Recycling ...

Also, the cost of batteries fell about 80% between 2010 and 2016 according to McKinsey, from $1000 to $227/kWh. Therefore, a new 40kWh battery in 2016 would have cost just shy of £10,000. Therefore, a new 40kWh battery in 2016 would have cost just shy of £10,000.

A Comparison of Lead Acid to Lithium-ion in Stationary ...

2017-9-13 · This paper will focus on the comparison of two battery chemistries: lead acid and lithium-ion (Li-ion). The general conclusion of the comparison is that while the most cost effective solution is dependent upon a number of factors, there is a large market segment where lithium-ion has a lower cost of ownership when compared to lead acid.

COMPARISON OF ELECTRIC MOTORS FOR ELECTRIC …

2019-4-21 · characteristics, efficiency, cost of controller, cost of motor [8]. appl 3. PARAMETERS 3.1 Power-to-Weight Ratio Power-to-weight ratio for electric motors is usually calculated using the peak power of motor. Power-to-weight ratio for an electric motor is obtained by dividing the peak power output of motor in KW by weight of motor in Kg.

Electric vehicle recycling in China: Economic and ...

2019-1-1 · Purchasing cost data are obtained through enterprise investigations in China, and recycling and selling cost (cost of sales dealers, products storage and transportation) data are collected from the Green Eco-Manufacturer ELV Recycling company in Fengcheng, Jiangxi province (Pan and Li, 2016). It employs a commonly used dismantling and recycling ...

Electric Motor R&D

2014-3-27 · Cost is an over-arching concern • Electric traction motors are on ~3.5% learning curve, power electronics ~7% means 2020 Traction Drive System (TDS) target will not cross $8/kW goal until ~2028 • Instability in rare earth (RE) magnet pricing demands close attention to non-RE motor designs • Inconsistent definition of efficiency •

ENAC

2017-6-22 · 4.4.3 Maintenance costs 13 4.5 Equipment for combined transport 13 4.5.1 Investments 13 4.5.2 Economic life 14 4.5.3 Maintenance costs 14 5. TRACTIVE POWER CONSUMPTION 15 5.1 Electric traction 15 5.1.1 Passenger trains 15 5.1.2 Goods trains or freight trains 15 5.1.3 Average unit cost of electricity at the high voltage input of traction ...